The Dogwood tree is an extremely common ornamental plant, dogwood trees offer beautiful flowers and unique fruits. Today, flowering dogwood is also of economic importance to Tennesseans. Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� %PDF-1.4 %���� Accent Tree:  Sometimes a specimen tree (see below) can be placed effectively among a mass of lesser plant material. endstream endobj 244 0 obj<>/Metadata 29 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 28 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808142517)/PageLabels 26 0 R>> endobj 245 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 246 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 247 0 obj<> endobj 248 0 obj<> endobj 249 0 obj<> endobj 250 0 obj<> endobj 251 0 obj<> endobj 252 0 obj[/ICCBased 265 0 R] endobj 253 0 obj<> endobj 254 0 obj<> endobj 255 0 obj<> endobj 256 0 obj<> endobj 257 0 obj<>stream Can be planted in shade or partial shade, but full sun helps prevent dogwood anthracnos fungus. 0000000016 00000 n Textile manufactures found that the longer a dogwood shuttle was in use, the smoother its wood became. Planting in this way also protects dogwood’s compaction-sensitive roots. Bright autumn foliage and red berries that linger into winter add a bold stroke of color to any landscape design. The root bark is used to make medicine. Southern Living Plant Collection 2.5 Qt. Flowering White Dogwood Tree (31) Model# DOG-WHI-34-5 $ 82 96. But for countless Americans today, the dogwood needs no greater purpose than the remarkable beauty it brings forests and homes. The tree has bright crimson berries that birds just love. Dogwood Uses The dense, hard wood of dogwood trees was used in the 19th century to make weaving shuttles for textile mills. The wood wore smoothly … Be sure to plant with the root collar or top of the root ball level with the soil surface — not a bit deeper! American dogwood is a tree. Cornelian Cherry. The Kousa fruit treats symptoms of weak kidney such as dizziness, body pain, and impotence. People use Jamaican dogwood for anxiety, sleep problems, nerve pain, migraine, and … 0000025670 00000 n Dogwood lumber is rare in that it is not readily available with any manufacturer and must be cut down by the … The dogwood tree blooms for a few weeks in the spring, with four-petaled white flowers. 0000011485 00000 n 0000001704 00000 n startxref The dogwood can be trained to grow with a single trunk or as a picturesque multi-trunked tree. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Dogwood trees need slightly acidic soil to thrive. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). Noteworthy Characteristics. Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. 0000007646 00000 n H��UKo�0��W�h"K��G�؜6��4�b��b/N�yt��b��#%�q�t�z��>�d��U��+� �ǧ��&0�L�X0]�\�O9�\���O�%����5HA�ڪ@*�M1~E�e��y ~�����l�~2 0000008590 00000 n The scientific genus name, Cornus, derives from the Latin, cornu, or horn, in reference to another use of its hard wood. – Dogwoods have been used medicinally for generations; the bark is rich in tannins, so ground bark or leaves are used to treat pain, fevers, backaches, dizziness, weakness, excessive sweating, uterine … Dogwood Tree Food. 0000015025 00000 n The action of the Dogwood flowers is close to Chamomile for their soothing, tonic, and adaptability to weakened and debilitated conditions of the stomach. WARNING: The fruit of flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans. Jamaican dogwood is a tree. Under the best of conditions, the growth rate of this tree is considered “medium.”. Dogwood trees do not get very tall and are ideal for landscape plantings where small trees are desired. 243 29 For all the beauty of this tree, the common name of dogwood may come from something less lovely – “dagger.” This, in turn, may actually come from its early use as a skewer, or thin piece of wood used to hold meat together. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas … Peattie says dogwood is also used to make mauls, mallet heads and wedges. Flowering dogwood is a spectacular flowering tree native to our region and one of the most popular small ornamental trees in America. – Chaucer used the term “whippletree” to refer to the Dogwood, which is the name for the piece of wood connecting the horse’s harness to the drag pole of a cart. Dogwood trees are trees in the Genus: Cornus. <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> Saws or shears should be sanitized in Clorox or a similar solution after infected trees are pruned. 0000042486 00000 n The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. Brighter Blooms 5 Gal. If space allows, the white can be accentuated with a background of conifers. The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. There are various kinds of Dogwood trees but basically three main types. 0000001415 00000 n Research has shown that infected trees can be saved by pruning and destroying infected branches. The species name, florida, is also from Latin, flos, meaning flowery. 271 0 obj<>stream xref Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. 0000004457 00000 n 0000003134 00000 n Peattie says that the biggest user of dogwood in the last … The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. 0000006213 00000 n Viewed from Above:  Branching structure and the delightful way blossoms are borne upward on the branches make this a good choice to plant beneath balconies, high porches, and room windows that look downward on the landscape. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. 0000005241 00000 n 0 x�b```b`` d`e`��f`@ �����SO��30$��l��QPr�H�ΜĤ� ���)�֭�xEAAJ�].��)I��2��� 0000003931 00000 n Flowering dogwood has been named the state tree of both Virginia and Missouri, and the state flower of North Carolina. Picturesque ornamentals are selected for this role – standing alone like a piece of fine sculpture to be viewed from all sides. Specimen Tree:  A specimen tree is a free-standing element in a landscape design. George Washington planted them at Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. At the same time, the dogwoods in the forest burst into bloom, and they continue to do so right around Easter in what is believed to be a celebration of Jesus’ resurrection. 0000003567 00000 n The fruit that this tree bears can be … 0000000892 00000 n Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. The hard, dense wood has been used for products such as golf club heads, mallets, wooden rake teeth, tool handles, jeweler's boxes and butcher's blocks. �rG�eK����>"�. Landscape Use. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. 0000004493 00000 n It is said that the bracts of the Dogwood flower resemble the Cross and bear nail marks of the crucifixion. How to Plant and Care for Flowering Dogwood, When planting flowering dogwood, careful site selection and some attention to regular care will be rewarded with an addition to the landscape that provides long-lasting, four-season beauty around the home, business or in lightly used areas of parks. 0000004736 00000 n 0000001863 00000 n Rake and dispose of leaves in autumn to help sanitize the area. Pink Dogwood Tree (14) Model# DOG-PIN-45-5 $ 82 96. endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream In small spaces where there is little foot traffic or where a mulch bed can prevent soil compaction, a dogwood tree can serve this purpose. In this usage it is called an accent tree. Model# DOGWHI01G $ 29 98. Historically, people made medicine from the bark. Its toughness is appreciated in a variety of applications, though its poor dimensional stability means that its use is usually restricted to … Its leaves turn a spectacular red in the fall before dropping. In a small, intimate space where an enclosed feeling is desired, the spreading branches of dogwood can provide a pleasant “roof.”  (Some pruning of the lowest branches might be necessary for this use.) 0000001235 00000 n Dogwood logs were sent as far as England to support production in textile mills. Shade over a deck or patio can also be a good use, and as a bonus the winter berries will attract birds to within viewing range. Empress of China Dogwood With Creamy White Blooms Live Evergreen … Wounds predispose this species this species to invastion by dogwood borers. It is also one of my favorites and one I use quite often in my landscape designs for clients. 0000002793 00000 n In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses … Use 2 to 4 inches of wood chip mulch to help keep the soil cool and moist, and to reduce compaction. 0000005318 00000 n 0000002248 00000 n Dogwood anthracnose is a troubling disease that has become nearly epidemic since the late 1970s. This Genus consists of 30-60 mostly woody plants some of which grow into small trees. Learn how your comment data is processed. New trees need a different ratio than established specimens. 243 0 obj <> endobj x�bbg`b``Ń3� �� �N� In addition to planting only on proper sites, here are some suggestions to keep flowering dogwoods healthy. It nourishes the kidney of its deficiencies and restores the organ to revitalize its essence. Before you apply any fertilizer for dogwoods, it is a good idea to test your soil and see what nutrients it lacks and if the pH is suited to your plant. The blossoms of dogwood add a welcome touch of color in early spring. Dogwood Tree Facts The dogwood name is derived from "dagwood," which refers to the trees' earliest use as material for making daggers and swords. 0000009545 00000 n The type of dogwood tree food is an important consideration too. It becomes a focal point for viewing and adds to the beauty of the entire ensemble of plants. The first is a native tree and the one you most likely think of when picturing this plant. Uses Ethnobotanic: Flowering dogwood root bark was used by Native Americans as a fever reducer, skin astringent, an antidiarrheal agent, and as a pain reliever for headaches, sores, and muscle inflammations. Flowering Dogwoods (Cornus florida) One of the most popular of all flowering trees is the … For all the beauty of this tree, the common name of dogwood may come from something less lovely – “dagger.”  This, in turn, may actually come from its early use as a skewer, or thin piece of wood used to hold meat together. Best soil is a cool, acidic (pH 5.5 to 6.6) loam with a high percentage of organic matter. Pivot Point:  Dogwood is a visually pleasing tree to use at a point where two linear flower or ground cover beds form a right angle. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. %%EOF Dogwood trees are widely known as an ornamental tree with beautiful white blooms in the spring followed by multi colored leaves in the summer and autumn berries. The dogwood tree is a deciduous tree, which means it loses its leaves seasonally. Comments: Dogwood has excellent shock resistance, and is one of the hardest domestic woods of the United States or Canada. 0000010521 00000 n Dogwood Trees in The Landscape. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. 0K10�1�}�` ����@����_Hs1�5�+W^{R�"���H35� uG3Q As such, the cornus fruit maintains general urogenital health. Extreme care is necessary to prevent trunk damage such as from construction, lawn mowers or weed cutters. It is little used in modern herbalism. Planting as described above can help prevent this disease. 0000004985 00000 n White Flowering Deciduous Dogwood Tree. Avoid: In recent years, dogwoods have been planted in harsh sites where stress predisposes them to a variety of diseases. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia, the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. “According to legend, the Dogwood once grew as a tall, straight tree, but when the Dogwood was used to make the cross, Jesus was so moved that He promised the tree would never again grow large enough to be used for such a purpose. 1 Gal. The fruit is an oval drupe of a glossy scarlet colour, containing a nut with two cells and two seeds, which the birds are very fond of. �%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. The tree’s extremely hard wood also found important uses as weavers’ shuttles and in golf club heads, the handles of chisels and mauls, and even as wedges and yokes. Brighter Blooms 5 Gal. Writer-naturalist Donald Peattie once wrote, “Lovely as it is, dogwood stoops also to be useful.”. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 0000012355 00000 n 5 Ways to Use Dogwoods From towering trees to spreading groundcovers there’s a Cornus for every corner of the yard. It was also used to counteract the Traditional Chinese medicine uses dogwood fruit to stabilize and tonify the kidney and liver. America's founding fathers were big dogwood fans. These are the Flowering Dogwood, Kousa, and hybrids. Founded in 1972, the...Read More, 100-year-old oak tree relocated instead of destroyed, Emerald Ash Borer: Important Response to a Slow-Moving Catastrophe, Cambium Carbon Cuts Waste, Builds Green Future, New Collaborative Approaches Drive Natural Climate Solutions, Sites where soil compaction is unavoidable, Soil that becomes excessively dry in summer, Sites exposed to salt spray or air pollution problems, Excessively hot sites such as parking lots. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. 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