Switchgrass utilization is an emerging market currently in the research and demonstration-project arena. Switchgrass Plantings for Awesome Whitetail Cover. Call Roger at Custom Seed (712-784-2430) western IA, I got my CIR seed for $9.25 a pound from him. Price List switchgrass cultivars, two seed stratification treatments and three establishment treatments was conducted in Breathitt Co. in the eastern coal fields of Kentucky. Think of it this way, if you've ever owned an older dog that needed milk poured on his dogfood to soften it up for easier chewing, switchgrass seeds are similar as well. There is a variety of switchgrass seed that you can buy and when you add in the proprietary mixes by several of the various seed companies, your search can at first seem confusing. CIR seed planted too late in the spring will often times not germinate due to missing this critical step. It is a natural component of the tall grass prairie that covered most of the Great Plains, as well as the south and eastern United States. Truax Seedbox: Fine PRINT | EMAIL | SHARE (Panicum virgatum) - Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. It has adapted regionally to widely differing … Switchgrass also provided good habitat and protection for upland game birds such as pheasant, quail, and grouse. Cave-n-Rock switchgrass is a perennial, warm season native grass that grows an average of 3-5 feet tall, but in some regions, can reach up to 6 feet tall at maturity. In Michigan, my best stands have been created using the switchgrass variety of Cave in Rock (CIR). Seeds per Pound: 259,000. testing, Cave-In-Rock switchgrass seed was released in March 1974 from the Elsberry Plant Materials Center for different conservation uses. http://www.linkedin.com/company/ernst-conservation-seeds?trk=biz-companies-cyf, Biodiverse Polyculture Mix for Biomass Production & Wildlife Habitat, Native Upland Wildlife Forage & Cover Meadow Mix. • Mow prior to weed flowering to prevent weeds from producing more seed. All Rights Reserved. Switchgrass is a perennial C4 grass propagated by seed that can be established at low cost and risc and requires very low inputs while giving high biomass yields even on marginal soils. CALL ANYTIME! Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. Compared to other NWSG's such as Big Bluestem or Indiangrass that can become flattened from a heavy snowfall, switchgrass is unique in it's ability to stand right back up within a couple days of being knocked over. On the RWWP website Don has a comparison between his switchgrass blend and CIR. Switchgrass is a perennial warm season grass that takes 3-5 years to fully establish. Their livestock were free roaming and would graze the new switchgrass growth in the spring before the new plants were tall enough to withstand defoliation. 2. I also rely on an application of roundup mixed with an ounce of Oust Xp in early April to kill cool season grasses and weeds before switchgrass begins it's growing cyle later in the month. Switchgrass is a native, warm-season, perennial, tall grass that reproduces from seed and rhizomes. Following the mowing,usually a month or so later an application of a 41% glphyosate herbicide such as roundup at a rate of 1.5-2 qts per acre will take care of any new regrowth. Sometimes I find myself having to make two applications of roundup on the future switchgrass planting site with the last application being in late September or early Oct depending on weather conditions. Product Categories: I have also had success by lightly tilling fields which previously grew RR soybeans and spreading seed on a rolled (packed) surface and then rolling a second time after seeding to ensure good seed/soil contact. The timing of this last spraying is crucial as the herbicide needs to be applied before the switchgrass has germinated or the roundup herbicide will kill off the new switchgrass plants as well. Since switchgrass is unaffected by Atrazine herbicide, no problems will arise from using it on your switchgrass seeding. However, over the years I have gotten the look from more than one person when I tell them that I plant switchgrass for whitetails in February and early March when the ground is still partially frozen. Once established, switchgrass plantings are relatively maintenance free but such herbicides such as 2-4D can be used for broadleaf control in your switchgrass planting. In closing, remember that switchgrass is slow at establishing itself the first year, but with good weed control practices, your switchgrass planting will explode with growth the second year and provide some of the thickest whitetail bedding cover available. The seed from cold-tolerant genotypes in this study were evaluated for germination with and without stratification using an alternating temperature to negate some influence of dormancy on germination. Prior to the switchgrass germinating, cool season grasses that escaped the herbicide treatment from the previous fall can come on strong threatening your switchgrass stand. Planting switchgrass for deer bedding areas has become an essential tool that I commonly use for holding those big mature bucks on my property. Like most perennial grass seed, switchgrass seed exhibits varying degrees of dormancy that decreases as the seed ages. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a summer perennial grass that is native to North America. Despite the misuse of switchgrass plantings, the seed variety is also one of the most widely appropriate plantings for deer that landowners can make. This process is known as stratification and is best left up to mother nature to perform. • On established stands can use sheep or goat grazing early in season before switchgrass begins to grow. Planting Guides Switchgrass is a native, warm-season, perennial, tall grass that reproduces from seed and rhizomes. Switchgrass seeds are extremely tiny and there are approximately 400,000+ seeds per pound.Switchgrass seeding rates can vary but a good starting point would be anywhere from 5-7 pounds per acre spread either with a handseeder or a drill behind a tractor for larger planting projects. It grows to a height of 3 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. Seed Finder Tool Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial bunchgrass native to much of the United States. Cave-In-Rock originates from Cave-In-Rock, Illinois and is late maturing and suitable for both lowland and upland sites. Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Cultivars were 'Alamo' and 'Cave-in-rock' (CIR). Species Type: Native Switchgrass is a C 4 warm-season erect perennial grass native to North America, which at the beginning of the 1980s was selected as a potential energy crop for the United States (Wright and Turhollow, 2010).A decade later, switchgrass was also adopted “as an ideal biomass crop” by Europe (Christian and Riche, 2001), Canada (Samson et al., 2005), and China (Yue et al., 2017). As mentioned earlier, since switchgrass is a warm season grass, it won't germinate until soil temps reach 68 degrees which is usually the end of April or first of May in my area. Switchgrass Seed. This is where the last spraying of herbicide comes into play to knock out any competing grasses. It grows to a height of 3 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. Switchgrass is categorized as either upland or lowland. A clean field of roundup ready soybeans planted from the previous year also makes a great planting site to establish switchgrass bedding areas for deer. I bought my seed a couple weeks ago using the voucher. It is most commonly found in prairie lowlands, but will grow under wide range of climatic conditions. One of the most misunderstood facts about planting switchgrass is what time of the year is the best to plant. When used as part of a mix, ensure that the mix consists of not less than 1.0% and not more than 50.0% of the total. My main priority here is making sure that there is nothing green and growing going into winter on my switchgrass planting site. There are several varieties of switchgrass available to the grower to choose from but two of the more popular types are Blackwell and Cave-In-Rock or CIR for short. Seed of each cultivar was divided into two equal portions and either stratified or left untreated. Seed dormancy is a significant issue to consider before planting switchgrass. Switchgrass seeds are very hard and to break the dormancy, require a good dose of cold, wet weather from mother nature to help soften them up a bit which helps to open the seedcoat. Switchgrass, ‘Shelter’ A rhizomatous, upland warm season bunchgrass; an excellent wildlife cover through winter snow areas of the Northeast. USDA PLANTS Database, Ordering Information Contact Us, Project Planner Valuable as livestock forage, wildlife habitat, erosion control and biofuel source. A thick stand of Switchgrass makes excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover because of its ability to remain in an upright position when covered with snow or ice. Bloom Period: Warm Season. CIR switchgrass can easily grow to heights ranging from 4'to 6' and it's excellent standability is quite impressive. Sun: Full Sun. That’s the beauty of native seeds! It’s one of the dominant species of the tallgrass prairie, and can grow up to six feet tall. Terms & Conditions Classification: Herbaceous PerennialBloom Period: June to OctoberFoliage Color: GreenHeight: Up to 5.5 FtMinimum Root Depth: 12 inpH: 4.5 – 8.0, Northcentral & Northeast: FAC Midwest: FAC Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC, Shade: Full SunDrought: ModerateSalt: Moderate, Approximate seeds per lb: 259,000Seeding Rate: Expect to apply about 8 lb per acre. For best results, I recommend preparing your switchgrass plantings in the fall prior to spreading seed in late winter or early spring. The most successfull switchgrass stands are those that have been planned out way ahead of time by the landower. Soils: Medium to Wet Soil Moisture. 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